Osteoporosis: 10 facts about bone loss



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Bone loss: ten common mistakes

Older people are mostly affected by osteoporosis. The decrease in bone density and the rapid breakdown of the bone substance ultimately leads to a susceptibility to fractures. There are some errors in the population about the origin and possible factors that can lead to a decrease in bone density. Common mistakes include:

1. Coffee favors osteoporosis
The rumor that coffee enjoyment osteoporosis can not be confirmed. A Swedish long-term study, in which over 61,000 women took part, concluded that excessive consumption of coffee only leads to a slight decrease in bone density and that the risk is classified as low.

2. Only women are affected
Every fifth patient is male. A decrease in sex hormones is also responsible for both sexes as a trigger. The only difference is that men get an average of ten years later, from the age of 60.

3. Only people older older get osteoporosis
This is only partially correct. Young people are also affected by other diseases, such as anorexia or by taking cortisone. Chemotherapy can also promote a decrease in bone density.

4. Osteoporosis as a result of fate
Osteoporosis can also result from a genetic predisposition. Researchers at Cologne University Hospital found that a gene called plastin 3 can cause the disease. People who carry an increased risk can have a positive influence through sporting activities. Vitamin D helps regulate calcium levels and build bones

5. With osteoporosis one should be careful
Those who are particularly affected should complete a special exercise program of about 30 to 40 minutes three to four times a week and can arm themselves against bone loss. Only through movement can the bone substance automatically compact and solidify.

6. Nicotine consumption relaxes the bones
Smoking is one of the most harmful habits. Nicotine consumption robs the body of valuable calcium, which bones need for stability.

7. Soft drinks strengthen the bones
All phosphate-containing foods, including soft drinks, sausages and alcohol, deprive the bones of calcium. Our body needs about 1000 to 1500 milligrams a day. Milk (a glass has 250 milligrams), mineral water, green vegetables like broccoli, hard cheese are good calcium suppliers.

8. Thin people carry less risk
Underweight women (BMI under 20) are particularly at risk of breaking their bones. The formation of estrogen mainly takes place in the adipose tissue. Among other things, this hormone protects against broken bones.

9. Strong bones form naturally in childhood
The bone formation can last up to the age of 30. A calcium-rich childhood nutrition provides good support. Another good support is strength and martial arts.

10. Osteoporosis is not classified as a disease
Bone loss is one of the most common common diseases in Germany and is listed in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD10)

Conclusion
Osteoporosis is a common skeletal disease. Around 8 million people are affected in Germany alone, with women having a particularly high risk of osteoporosis after the menopause. The progressive bone loss causes the bone mass to decrease and the architecture of the bone tissue also to change. The result: the bones become porous and brittle. A sufficient intake of calcium and vitamin D is one of the basic measures for osteoporosis. Your specialist will find out which other options are available for the treatment of osteoporosis, which symptoms are typical for osteoporosis, and what you can do for strong bones yourself. (fr)

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