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Why people are more honest in the morning than in the evening
Honesty and morality depend on the time of day. This was the result of a study by two US researchers. For their research, students were given four tasks, for which they would receive more money if they cheated. As it turned out, the subjects had significantly greater moral concerns in the morning than in the evening. Thus, in the course of the day, in addition to symptoms of fatigue with regard to concentration and performance, there also appears to be a decrease in the sense of morality.
Tomorrow, honesty prevails over cheating more often than in the afternoon Most students are happy if their exam date doesn't take place early in the morning. Because the examiners are tired in the afternoon and therefore less critical and generally milder. This phenomenon was recently investigated by the American scientists Maryam Kouchaki from Harvard University and Isaac Smith from the University of Utah. "Are people more moral in the morning than in the afternoon?" Asked the researchers. As part of their study, the psychologists found that this question can be answered with a clear “yes”, because people are more honest in the morning than in the afternoon.
The researchers tracked down the so-called "Morning Morality Effect" by carrying out four experiments with students. The subjects had the opportunity to make more money the more they cheated. Half of the subjects were tested between 8 a.m. and 12 p.m. tomorrow, the other half carried out the experiments between 3 p.m. and 6 p.m. The result was clear: the students who completed the tasks in the afternoon cheated far more often than the group that worked in the morning.
"This" morning morality effect "was brought about by a decrease in moral awareness and self-control in the afternoon," the researchers explain in the journal "Psychological Science".
The experiments also included a word supplement test, in which the test subjects were asked to add parts of the word such as "_ _ ral" to complete words Morale, ethics and honesty were formed, the greater the moral concerns to cheat.This attempt confirmed the results of the other experiments: in the morning the students formed words from the subject area of morality much more often than in the afternoon.
As the day progresses, self-discipline wanes, and thus morality. Psychologists explain the “Morning Morality Effect” by the waning of self-discipline as the day progresses. Self-control is not inexhaustible and is becoming less every hour. Various studies have shown this. At the same time, the likelihood of dishonest behavior increases. "The later it gets, the more difficult it becomes to adhere to your own moral and values."
As the researchers continue to write, “the effect of time of day on unethical behavior was more pronounced in people with less tendency to turn off morale. These findings mark a simple but ubiquitous factor (i.e. the time of day) that has a significant impact on moral behavior. ” (ag)